United Nations praised Bihar's Ganga water supply scheme

United Nations praised Bihar’s Ganga water supply scheme

Every year the scorching heat leads to the depletion of groundwater, and each year water level is lessened from the previous year during summer. The water scarcity faced was enormous but this time the government of Bihar decided and pledged to supply Har Ghar Gangajal.

The Har Ghar Gangajal is a scheme project, and the first phase was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar in November 2022 in Rajgir. Days later the scheme was also launched in Gaya and Bodhgaya, respectively. In these three places, water purifying filter plants and reservoirs are set up that would not only be used to purify but also to store the excess water during monsoon.

The initiative was taken for regions in South Bihar, including Nawada region, Gaya region, etc. as they do not have water bodies along. Every year the water bodies keep on depleting which results in water scarcity millions of people have to rely on water tanks and others remaining have to travel miles to fetch buckets of water.

In a study by PHED (PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT), the water level in Gaya district plunged to 41.50 feet in July 2022 straight from 30.30 feet in July 2021. Central Ground Water Board’s yearbook mentions the water table fall of Gaya and Rajgir district between 2 and 4 meters during 2014-15 and 2020-21.

The scheme Har Ghar Gangajal is an innovative part of Bihar Government’s Jal, Jeevan, and Hariyali. Under this scheme, the excess water in the river Ganga during the monsoon would be preserved and piped to Rajgir, Gaya, and Bodhgaya during the summer season. Giant pumps have been installed in Hathida near Mokama that would lift the Ganga water and supply it to at least 7.5 lacs houses in the water-deprived regions. The water would channel over some existing pipelines, renovated, and some recently made connections that would cover a distance of 150 km.

Under the scheme, every household would be provided with 135 liters of water every day. The water would also be supplied to hospitals and hotels in the future. This would be the first time that flood water would be used to resolve water issues mainly during summer. This would also help in resolving the flood issues faced during the rains. This would not hamper the natural flow and depletion of water from Ganga as the government has made it clear that only during the four months of monsoon water would be lifted.

The second phase of the Har Ghar Gangajal will launch this year that would cover the Nawada district.

The Water Resource department Secretary, Mr.Sanjay Kumar Agarwal told IANS, “The project has been completed under the guidelines of Nitish Kumar in a time frame of 3 years despite covid”.

Recently, Erik Solheim, executive director of the Environment Program at the United Nations appreciated Nitish Kumar’s Government for Har Ghar Gangajal scheme in his tweet as this would not only resolve issues but also is a model for environmental management.

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