The Rich and Varied Cultural History of Patna

The Rich and Varied Cultural History of Patna

A brief study of one of the most ancient historical cities of Bihar, Patna and its rich cultural background.

Patna is a very old and famous town, originally created in the sixth century BC by Ajatshatru, who was Magadha ruler, that originally constructed a tiny castle in Pataligram upon the shores of the sacred Ganges river, that ultimately expanded through into modern Patna. The city has experienced several periods of Indian civilisation, through the Maurya empire era through the Sultanate period, as well as the ruling time of the British Empire in India. Throughout the Quit India Movement of 1942, it emerged as a centre of nationalist sentiment.

The city just like the whole of India has travelled from the past ancient culture into modern civilization under every aspect. The raw historical castles and monuments have now turned into big skyscraper buildings in every part of India including Patna. The old traditional Indian games like teen patti are now played online with the several 3patti variations available to wager online. Technology has advanced so much that people are now starting to forget the rich cultural background of the nation. 

So, let’s have a peek at a short study on Patna, one of the most ancient cities in India.

The roots of the name “Patna”

Under the rule of Sher Shah Suri, Patna was given its present form. The term Patna is thought to have originated after Patan Devi. Another theory says because Patna is located close to the convergence of four waterways, it really has historically always had an important dock, and therefore the title is taken of “pattan,” meaning port in Sanskrit. One widely held opinion about the city is that Patna is a contraction of its full title, Pataliputra, which  was an integral feature of both the Mauryas and the Guptas. It is one of India’s leading ancient metropolitan urban centres. The governing monarchs altered the country’s empire through their generations, and hence Patna became recognized under several identities, Pataliputra, Pushpapuri, Palibothra, Kusumpura, and Azimabad.

The Ancient city of “Patna”

Rajagriha was the throne of the Haryanka dynasty deposed by the Nanda monarchy, who reigned for more than a century. The Maurya kingdom succeeded after that in which  Ajatshatru became the ruler to shift the throne between Rajagriha to Pataliputra. The city became a key hub of authority inside the Indian peninsula even as the Mauryan kingdom rose to prominence. Pataliputra dominated the geopolitical affairs of northern India throughout the sixth and fifth centuries BC.

The town was regarded as a hub for both study and the beautiful crafts. Patna rose to prominence in the Indian kingdom during the period of King Ashoka who is the one behind all the big stone  walls in the city. The Gupta empire seized the dominion following the Mauryan era and chose Patna as their base for its growing realm. Patna diminished in importance as India’s administrative headquarters with the fall of the Gupta kingdom.

The British aeon “Patna”

When the British seized control of Patna, they discovered it to be a perfect provincial administration. The English men expanded the ancient city, naming it Bankipore. They founded a workshop in Bihar in 1620 to acquire and store cotton and thread. Patna became a major economic and manufacturing centre inside the Indian land throughout British control. It began to reclaim its former glory as an important intellectual and artistic institute in the nation.  Patna likewise served as the site of two significant independence struggles: the Champaran agitation opposing Indigo cultivation and the Quit India Movement in 1942. Patna remained the provincial city of Bihar since its freedom in 1947. Nevertheless, during the year 2000, Bihar government was split and Jharkhand with capital Ranchi was formed.

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Born in Bihar, brought up in India!