Takht Sri Patna Sahib, the birthplace of the tenth Sikh guru.

Gayatri Rani

Having a rich history, evoked with the recent wave of development, it reflects a beautiful amalgamation of the modern and past glory, Takht Sri Patna Saheb. It is the birthplace of the tenth Sikh guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh which was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839). It is situated at Harmandir Gali, Patna city, once known as Kucha Farrukh Khan. This magnificent sacred shrine is regarded as one of the holiest of the five Takhts. Guru Gobind Singh, born on 22 December 1666 and spent his early childhood days here before he departed for Punjab in 1670.

In 1934, a part of gurudwara was disturbed by the massive earthquake, later it was reconstructed in 1954. It was renovated again in 2017, with gold plates on walls, for the 350th Prakash Parv, the birth anniversary of Guru Gobind ji.


The sanctum which represents the room where Guru Gobind Singh was born has a circumambulatory passage around it. It has a spacious high-ceilinged congregation hall. The arch of the door of the inner sanctum opening on the congregation hall is covered with gilded gold plates and embossed with floral design matching the marble sculpture on the interior walls. The compound of the Takhat Sahib also has several blocks of rooms for staff and visitors and a separate hall is dedicated for Guru ka Langar.

Some prestigious heirloom of Guru Gobind Singh is also preserved in this shrine. Among them is a Pangura (cradle) with gold plated stands, on which Guruji during his childhood used to sleep.

On its premises, the Gurudwara has a small museum where relics belonging to the Sikh Gurus are preserved. These include: ‘Sri Guru Granth Saheb’ also called ‘Bade Saheb’, consisting signature of Sri Guru Gobind Singh. The ‘Chhabi Saheb’, oil-painted picture of young Sri Guru Gobind Singh. Other artifacts include a small Saif (Sword), one-earthen round Goli (bullet), four iron arrows, a small iron Chakri, Khanda, Baghnakh-khanjar, a wooden Comb, two iron Chaker, a pair of Sandal made of elephant teeth, a pair of sandals made of sandalwood for Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur, three wooden spinning instruments of Sri Kabir Saheb, a book containing “Hukumnamas” of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur and Sri Guru Gobind Singh with their pictures, writings amongst many.

A morning prayer (ardaas) is performed here every morning at 5:45 A.M and evening prayer at 6:00 P.M.

The Langar is offered here to all the visitors who are also welcomed to volunteer in langar services since it is believed to be an offering to God.

The birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh which is known as the ‘Prakash Parv’ is celebrated during the month of December to January every year which is one of the major attractions of this place.

Nearby the Gurudwara, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ghat is situated where young Gobind used to play with his friends on the bank of the Ganges. The pass is popularly known as ‘Kangan Ghat’. As per Hindu mythology, Guru Gobind Singh threw his golden bangle (kangan) into the river Ganga and passed on the knowledge of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji to Pandit Shiv Dutt, a devotee of Sri Ram Chandra.

‘Guru ka Baag’ a well-maintained garden situated nearby is said to be presented by the owner to Guru Tegh Bahadur, who stayed here for few years in memory of him. Every evening, a Laser show at Mangal Talab near Harmandir Sahib displays the life history of the Sikh Gurus.

One of the iconic figures in Indian history, Guru Gobind Singh has a legacy that can make anyone feel modest. This gurudwara is home to many holy Sikh scriptures. The shrine is very beautiful to look at and attracts thousands of people every year from all corners of the world.

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