A place where various historical monuments and architectural beauty highlight the rich culture and heritage of Bihar. On the land where religion appeared and cultures thrived, lies the Rohtasgarh fort. It is situated on the banks of the Son river in Rohtas district of Bihar. Enclosed by a great canyon with beautiful topography and attractive waterfalls, this fort looks strategic and artistic.
The history of Rohtasgarh is mysterious to date. According to Harivamsa Purana, this fort is named after Rohitasva, son of the legendary king Harishchandra. Built-in the Treta Yuga, this fort has no historical relics to substantiate the existence of early kings though.
For a long time, this fort was ruled by the Hindu kings, majorly under Kachhwaha Rajputs, but in the 16th century it went under the rule of Muslims and remained under them for many years.
Historians believe that the fort’s boundary wall was built by Sher Shah Suri in order to prevent it from attacks.
The most visited places in the complex are Hathiya Pol Elephant Gate, The Aina Mahal, Jama Masjid and Habsh Khan’s mausoleum, Ganesh Temple, The Hanging House and Rohtasan Temple, and Devi Temple.
Elephant Gate – Elephant Gate is one of the largest gates of the fort which was built in 1597 AD. The entrance has a high number of elephant figures. This gate is the main entrance to the fort.
The Aina Mahal – This fort is situated in the middle of the compound. It was built by Raja Man Singh. The place has four floors with a dome on top. There is an assembly hall on the second floor. The third floor has a women’s quarter where tourists can enter through a small dome. First floor houses Man Singh’s residential quarters, which is connected to the women’s room through a gate called Baradari. The hall and the pillars are decorated with the prints of flowers and leaves.
Jama Masjid and Habsh Khan tomb – These are beautiful structures that were built using the plaster style. The architecture of the building has domes which resemble the Rajputana style.
Ganesh Temple – The temple is located to the west of Manav Singh Mahal. The architecture of the temple is based on temples built in Jodhpur and Chittorgarh.
The Hanging House – To the west of the Ganesh temple is a structure which the locals call the Hanging House. The structure is located in a 1500 feet moat. It is believed that there was a fakir who was thrown thrice with his arms and legs tied, but nothing happened to him, so he was buried alive here.
Rohtasan Temple and Devi Temple – These temples are located in the northeast direction. Rohtasana was a Shiva temple with its roof and main pavilions destroyed. The pavilion was used to hold the lingam.
The Rohtasgarh Fort is now located in the Naxalite area. The tourists are allowed to visit the fort during the day time in large groups. Apart from this, tourists are not allowed into the interiors of the fort. The best time to visit the fort is from October to March as the climate is very pleasant during these months.