Bihar is recognized for its creative writing and the reason for this is the foundation of eminent personality like Acharya Shivpujan Sahay. Shivpujan Sahay was a famous Hindi novelist, story writer, editor, and journalist. Due to the multifaceted talent, the pioneers of literature on the national stage could not decide to date whether Sahay Ji was a great litterateur or a great journalist. Even today in every corner of the world, the generation here flaunts its Bihariness, on the edge that Acharya Shivpujan Sahay gave to Bihari identity in words.
Sahay was born in Unwans village of Bhojpur District on 9th August 1893. His childhood name was ‘Bholanath’.
After his early education, Acharya Shivpujan Sahay went to Kolkata to edit ‘Marwari Sudhar’ and then joined “Matwala” as an Editor in 1923. He moved to Lucknow in 1924 to join the editorial department of Dularelal Bhargava’s Madhuri where he worked with noted Hindi author Munshi Premchand and edited his ‘Rangbhumi’ and some of his other stories.
In 1925, he returned to Calcutta and managed to edit short-lived magazines such as ‘Mauji’, ‘Golmaal’ and ‘Upanyas Tarang’. Finally, he shifted to Varanasi to work as a freelance editor.
His novel ‘Dehati Duniya’ (1926 AD) is a work of experimental character. Its first manuscript was destroyed in the Hindu-Muslim riots of Lucknow. Shivpujan Sahay was deeply saddened by this. He wrote the same book again and got it published, but he was not completely satisfied with it.
In 1931, he started journalism in Bihar by editing ‘Ganga’ published by Bhagalpur Sultanganj. However, he returned to Varanasi in 1932 where he was commissioned to edit ‘Jagaran’. He also became a prominent member of the Nagari Pracharini Sabha and similar literary circles in Varanasi.
Shivpujan Sahay moved to Laheria Sarai, Darbhanga in 1934 and edited the monthly paper ‘Balak’ and other publications of Pustak Bhandar. In 1939, he worked as a Professor of Hindi language in Rajendra College, Chapra.
The early articles written by him were published in magazines like ‘Lakshmi’, ‘Manoranjan’ and ‘Pataliputra’ etc. The books written by Shivpujan Sahay are related to different subjects and their genres are also different. ‘Bihar Ka Bihar’ presents the geographical and historical description of the state of Bihar.
Two books named ‘Gram Sudhar’ and ‘Annapurna Ke Mandir Mein’ are collections of articles related to village reforms. Apart from these, ‘Do Padi’ is a comic work, ‘Maa Ke Sapoot’ and two books named ‘Arjuna’ and ‘Bhishma’ have been written as biographies of two characters of Mahabharata. Shivpujan Sahay also edited many books, in which ‘Rajendra Abhinandan Granth’ is particularly noteworthy.
In 1946, he moved to Patna to edit ‘Himalaya’, a literary monthly which was published by Pustak Bhandar.
Shivpujan Sahay was a very popular and respected figure among the writers of his time. He edited many prestigious magazines like ‘Jagran’, ‘Himalaya’, ‘Madhuri’, etc. Along with this, he was on the editorial board of the prestigious Hindi magazine ‘Matwala’.
After independence, in the year 1949, Shivpujan Sahay was the secretary of Bihar Rashtrabhasha Parishad and editor of a research-reviewed quarterly paper titled ‘Sahitya’ published by Bihar Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. While in this position, he got more than fifty literary works of various authors published in his editing. He later became the director of the council. During this, he created such a legacy in his editing in the form of ‘Hindi literature and Bihar’, which is still a mirror of Bihari style of expressing ideology through words.
Shivpujan Sahay was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India, for his contribution in the field of literature, in the year 1960. He died on 21st January 1963 in Patna. Bihar Rashtrabhasha Parishad, Patna has published his various works in four volumes so far in the name of ‘Shivpujan Rachnavali’. Even after the death of Sahay ji, his classic works like ‘Ve Din Ve Log’, ‘Mera Jeevan’, ‘Smritishesh’, ‘Hindi Bhasha aur Sahitya’ and ‘Gram Sudhar’ were published.