Patna Kalam | The Heritage that we lost


Procession, Patna Kalam, 19th Century

PatnaBeats brings an astonishing story which was once the pride of Bihar.

Mughal run in India has affected the social, political and financial way of life of Indians. The area which was most influenced was workmanship, engineering and culture. To the extent that painting during Jahangir’s reign was one of the finest Mughal works of art. Consolidating the Persian style with the Indian conventional style the Mughals presented another method for painting.

Numerous Indian schools of artworks prospered for a short time and most of them were intensely impacted by Mughal artistic creations. One among these was Patna School of Painting or Patna Kalam or Company painting. Patna Kalam was a branch of Mughal painting which prospered amid mid-eighteenth to mid-twentieth century in Bihar. The central focuses were Patna, Danapur and Arrah.

By Shiva Lal in Patna Kalam Style

Patna Kalam came into existence as amid the administer of Aurangzeb Hindu craftsman’s of Mughal painting confronted indictment due to his hostile to Hindu arrangement and dislike in workmanship and painting. Accordingly, these painters initially moved to Murshidabad which was developing itself as a power focus. With the decrease and resulting fall of Murshidabad, the court specialists looked westwards to the following greatest city in the East and began moving to Patna and Purnea. By mid-eighteenth century, a significant number of those specialists had settled in Patna with their families, and under the support of nearby privileged other personals of the early East India Company, began one of a kind type of painting which came to known as the Company School or Patna Kalam.

During that era Patna had transformed into a critical exchange focus. Company authorities and shippers were pleased with these works of art. Deewan Mohalla, Lodi Katra and Macharhatta were the zones of Patna in 1770s where these artists finally settled. These craftsmen used to paint ‘sets of station occupation’ known ‘Firka’, in light of regular daily existence – washer-men, vendors, bangle merchants, butchers, bangle vender, woodworkers, wicker bin dealer, distillers, and so forth., and no Royal moved towards becoming subjects of these canvases. Patna painters were investigating the European market and attempting to adjust their style to the tastes of the Europeans who significantly regarded its flexibility and ability. The interest for these miniatures of customary life in India was being built up, and filled in as a pictorial narrative of the life in those circumstances. All through the eighteenth and nineteenth hundreds of years, small scale pictures on paper, vellum, bone, and later, ivory, were the design with the upper and white collar classes.

Golghar, 19th Century Painting, Patna Kalam Style

Some celebrated painters of Patna Kalam were Sewak Ram (1770-1830), Hulas Lal (1785-1875), Jairam Das, Fakir Chand, Jhumak Lal, Nityanand Lal, Tunni Lal, Shiv Lal, Shiva Lal, Mahadeo Lal, Shyam Bihari Lal and so forth. Nisar Mehdi was prominent for representations and scenes, while Hulas Lal utilized ‘his naturalistic figures as the material for natural beat’.

Among the last painter of Patna Kalam was Ishwari Prasad Verma. Radha Mohan Babu left no endeavor to make this work of art school live for long. He was the organizer of Patna Art School, which begun in a solitary room on the Govind Mitra Road in Patna and bloomed into the Government School of Art and Crafts (as of now in a substantial binding close to the Patna Museum).

Holi being played in the courtyard, 1795, Patna Kalam School

Durga Puja, 1809, watercolor painting in Patna Kalam Style

Subsequent to accomplishing the distinction and eminence for about a century, Patna Kalam declined because of absence of support from the pioneer government, absence of interest from the clients, approach of photography and so forth. Dr. Abdul Haidi composed a book on Patna Kalam which gives the itemized record of the same. The legislature of Bihar distributed the 2010 yearly calendar with the topic of Patna Kalam. Paintings of Patna Kalam can be spotted at Khudabaksh Library at Patna, Patna Arts College and Patna Museum.

This is the most disastrous things about the Patna Kalam, similar to the world-acclaimed Madhubani works of art, it has not gotten its due offer of affirmation. In spite of that many trust that the eponymous painting was far better than the more well-known Mithila artistic creations. The Patna Kalam confronted rivalry from the Madhubani works of art which is advertised professionally both at home and abroad. Additionally, Madhubani painting is a people frame which could be effortlessly exchanged starting with one era then onto the next.