Tikuli is an uncommon and one of a kind bit of hand painting, over 800 years of age and has its source in Patna. Tikuli is gotten from “Tikli” or “Bindi”- the dab like frivolity with glass base and gold foil leaves in an assortment of plans decorating the temple of most ladies in India. Patna and Harihans urban areas are well known for assembling of Tikuli specialty. The central markets of Tikuli are Banaras, Patna, and Kolkata.
It includes dissolving glass, blowing it into a flimsy sheet and making and including followed design in characteristic hues and a while later decorating it with gold thwart and gems. Tikulis were principally enhanced by Queens and Aristocrats ladies of yore. Gems were put on gold leaves as per the status of the ladies in the general public and these delightful high quality Bindis were a pleased ownership of ladies in India.
The specialty, nonetheless, turned into a casualty of quick industrialization with machine created “bindis” attacking the business sector and lost all sense of direction in hallways of industrialization.
Patna-based Ashok Kumar Biswas has practically without any help restored this art. He has fused the tikuli craft with another art form of Bihar, Madhubani, to make decorative wall plates, coasters, table mats, wall hangings, trays, pen stands and other utility items.
After being in oblivion for decades, the art of making tikuli is showing signs of resurrection — as an art as well as a good business proposition for poor families of Bihar villages. The only difference now is that instead of embellishing foreheads of Indian women, tikulis are adorning drawing-room walls and tables not only in various parts of India but countries across the globe.
This painting is done on the glazed surface of hardboard plates. The process of making these paintings is a very tedious and time-consuming. From cutting the hard board in different sizes to painting sharp black lines in one stroke for smoothness and fineness, the process involves 15 stages. Fine brushes and enamel paints are used to make these paintings. These paintings are available in different sizes and shapes and are heat proof and water proof and are used for interior decorations like wall hangings and utility items like table mats and coasters.
Tikuli is also one of the main themes for Nepali and Bhojpuri folk songs. In many of the Hindi literature books, it has been used as a symbol of happy wedded life, an identity of a married woman. Tikuli is still the part of tribal jewelry worn by the Santhal tribe of Bihar.
The glass tikuli/tikuli used as bindi are sometimes found in village fairs. An ancient craft of the Mughal times, it is truly beautifulin the current times as well.