One of the world’s oldest inhabited places, Bihar consists of a lot of Archaeological sites. Sages, emperors and at time the commoners from different eras have been through this beautiful place and have built culturally diverse edifices which in today’s time have become tourists’ attraction.
Today, we bring to you the 10 most popular archaeological sites in Bihar:
As the name suggests, Bodh Gaya is situated in the Gaya district of Bihar. Famous as the place where Gautama Buddha obtained his enlightenment under a tree (Which would later be christened as the ‘Bodhi’ tree), is one of the major attraction for Buddhists all over the world.One of the most revered places, it is the most important of the four pilgrimage sites related to the life of Gautama Buddha (Kushinagar, Lumbini, and Sarnath being the other three). Bodhgaya is about 12 km from Gaya City. The State Tourism Department provides travel facility from Patna to Bodh Gaya. A special caravan service called Wonder on Wheel, between Patna and Bodh Gaya, has been introduced by Bihar Tourism Department.
Located about 95 kilometers southeast of Patna near the town of Bihar Sharif, Nalanda was a centre of learning from the fifth century CE to c. 1200 CE. The exact number of volumes in the Nalanda library is not known. But it is estimated to have been in the hundreds of thousands. The library not only collected religious manuscripts but also had texts on such subjects such as grammar, logic, literature, astrology, astronomy, and medicine.Nalanda is a popular tourist destination in the state attracting a number of Indian and overseas visitors. It is also an important stop on the Buddhist tourism circuit.
Vaishali, once upon a time was a city in Bihar, and is now an archeological site. It is a part of the Tirhut Division. At the time of the Buddha, Vaiśālī, was a very large city, rich and prosperous, crowded with people and with abundant food. There were 7,707 pleasure grounds and an equal number of lotus ponds. It consists an Asokan pillar in very good condition (perhaps the only complete Asokan pillar left standing), and an ancient pond. Today, Vaiśālī, is the present village of Basrah in Vaishali District, Bihar.
Jalalgarh Fort :
Jalalgarh Fort is an almost 300 years old ruined fort located at 20 km north of Purnia, Bihar, India. The fort was built by Saif Khan, the nawab of Purnia in 1722. The fort is a large quadrangular structure and has high walls which helped to protect the wall from Nepalese invasion. Experts claims, this fort is an embodiment of the beauty of both Hindu and Islamic architecture
The Lomas Rishi Cave, also called the Grotto of Lomas Rishi, is a sacred architectural feature located in the Barabar and Nagarjuni hills of Jehanabad district in the Indian state of Bihar. This rock-cut cave was carved out as a sanctuary. It was built during the Ashokan period of the Maurya Empire in the 3rd century BC, as part of the sacred architecture of the Buddhists.
The Munger Fort, located at Munger (also spelt as Monghyr during the British Raj), in the state of Bihar, India, is built on a rocky hillock on the south bank of the Ganges River. Its history is not completely dated but it is believed that it was built during the early rule of Slave dynasty of India. Munger fort and the Munger town are well connected by road, rail and air communications through Patna, the capital city of Bihar. The road distance from Patna to Munger is 173 kilometres (107 mi).
The Rohtasgarh Fort or Rohtas Fort is one of the most ancient forts of India located in a small town of Rohtas in Bihar. The culture of the Sone Valley is best symbolized by the Rohtas Fort which is a testimony of strength and power. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa at Rajgir, one of the 80 Peace Pagodas around the world.
Rajgir is a city and a notified area in Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar. The city of Rajgir (ancient Rājagṛha; Pali: Rājagaha) was the first capital of the kingdom of Magadha, a state that would eventually evolve into the Mauryan Empire. It is connected by road to Patna – 110 km, Nalanda – 12 km, Gaya – 78 km, Pawapuri – 38 km, Bihar Sharif – 25 km.
The Barabar Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in Makhdumpur Block of Jehanabad district, Bihar, India, 24 km north of Gaya. Most caves at Barabar consist of two chambers, carved entirely out of granite, with a highly polished internal surface and exciting echo effect.
Chirand is a small village in the Saran district of Bihar, India, situated on the northern bank of the Ganga River. It has a large pre-historic mound which is known for its continuous archaeological record from the Neolithic age (about 2500–1345 BC) to the reign of the Pal dynasty who ruled during the pre-medieval period. The excavations in Chirand have revealed stratified Neolithic, Chalcolithic, and Iron Age settlements, and transitions in human habitation patterns dating from 2500 BC to 30 AD.