10 facts about Shri Krishna Singh, the First CM of Bihar

Shri Krishna Singh was a modern leader of social justice of Bihar who served as a first Chief Minister for the state of Bihar till his last breath. He was born 21st October 1887 in Nawada district of Bihar. He has been among the leading fighters of freedom struggle.
Below are the facts about Shri Krishna Singh:-

1. Since childhood, he started to look at the qualities of self-esteem and a keen interest in the field of knowledge. His primary education took place in the district school of his village and later after he got a scholarship for his further higher education in District School, Munger.

2. He completed his M.A and took a degree of law from Calcutta University and then started practising law in his hometown Munger. He appeared as a mass leader on the political horizon of Bihar from his student life.

3. He was known as “Babu Kesari” for his lionlike roars when he rose to address the masses. His close friend and prominent Gandhian, Dr Anugrah Narayan Singh wrote an essay for him titled as “Mere Shri Babu”.

He wrote –  “ Since 1921, the history of Bihar has been the history of life”.

4. His first meeting with Mahatma Gandhi was in 1911 and inspired by his ideas, Shri Krishna Singh became his follower. He first went to jail in 1922. He underwent different terms of imprisonment for a total of about eight years.

5. He played an important role in Salt Satyagraha. In 1937, he was elected as the member of Central assembly as well as the Bihar assembly. During his tenure, the Zamindari system was ended and also the establishment of Asia’s Engineering industry, Heavy Engineering Corporation and many more factories took place.

6. During that time, India’s first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru called world’s best administrative expert to administrate and evaluate the policies of the state government. After evaluation, Apelvi declared Bihar as the most administered state.

7. He disagreed with the governor on the issue of the release of the political prisoners and resigned. The governor had to give up finally and Shri Krishna Singh resumed his office but he again resigned in 1939 over the question of involving India in the second world war without the consent of the Indian people.

8. Along with the nationalists, he led Dalit entry to the BaidhyaNath Dham Temple of Deoghar reflecting his commitment to the upliftments and to the social empowerment of the Dalits.

9. He successfully guided as the chief minister for almost 24 years from the year 1937 to 1961 and also played an important role in the reconstruction of the modern Bihar.

10. He had an immense contribution to the cultural and social development of Bihar. It was he who established the Rajendra Chatra Niwas at Calcutta for Bihari students, the Anugrah Narayan Institute of Social studies at Patna, Ravindra Bhawan at Patna, Lord Buddha’s statue at Rajgir Venu VanVihar as well as an orphanage of Muzaffarpur.

He passed away on 31st January 1961. In his honour in 1978, the Ministry of Culture started a science museum called Shri Krishna Science Centre. The biggest conference hall in Patna, Shri Krishna Memorial Hall is also named after him. As the creator of the new Bihar, the extraordinary hard work and his renunciation which will always continue to prolong for the nation’s love and public service. Bihar will always be indebted to him.

Rahul Kumar


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